Feature Article:

Destination:  Chemicals vs. Bio-Pesticide

Pesticides are used worldwide to manage agricultural pests. They kill and repel unwanted pests, and, is also attributed to also cause many human deaths each year. While there are benefits to the use of pesticides, there have also been many problems associated with their use. When pesticides are used, they do not always stay in the location where they are applied. They are mobile in the environment and often move through water, air and soil.

The problem with pesticide mobility is that when they travel, the pesticides come in contact with other organisms and can cause harm and have also been shown to disrupt the balance of an ecosystem. In many situations, when a pesticide is used, it also kills npon-pest organisms. This can drastically alter the natural balance of the ecosystem

When sprayed with chemicals, most pests will be entirely susceptible. However, not all pests are killed, some with a slight variation in their genetic make-up are resistant and therefore survive. Every succeeding generation of the surviving pests will have the same pesticide-resistant genetics and eventually the pests will become entirely resistant to the pesticide. Unaware of how to deal with this problem, farmers often increase their use of pesticides, causing further problems.

However, while insecticides are a necessity for food production, insect and disease control, they are also documented as “genotoxic,”meaning they attack our cellular DNA, deteriorating cellular structure, inducing birth deformities, fetal death, cancer and mental deficiencies are being applied daily to millions of acres of gardens and farms. Food crops absorb them. Shockingly, per the EPA, an unbelievable two billion pounds of toxic insecticides and fungicides are being sprayed each year.

Despite all the drawbacks that come with chemical control of pests, there are still many reasons that can persuade farmers to still choose to use them. The biggest advantage of pesticides is they are readily available and very easy to use unlike alternative methods, such as biological control and other similar methods which can take a long while to plan and often don’t have an immediate effect on pests.

However, when the disadvantages of pesticides outweigh the advantages, farmers look to alternative methods of pest control, the most common being biological pest control. Unlike chemical pesticides, biocontrol uses natural methods to fight pests; i.e., the pests’ natural predators. The most obvious advantage to this method over pesticides is that the natural balance in the ecosystem remains fairly undisturbed. When pesticides are put into use it isn’t only the pests that can be affected, but also their natural predators; eventually the pests might even come back in more force, as their natural predators aren’t around to deter them anymore.

Finally, we have the solution.

The welcome news is Bio-Pesticide, the new kid on the block that is safe, non-toxic, certified carcinogenic-free, petroleum-derivatives-free, phosphate free and odor-free that stands alone and above other products touted as the safe to infestation control today to chemical pesticide to solve one of the earliest discovered problems that pests can and do eventually to become resistant to the chemicals.

Biological control can be very successful economically, and even when the method has been fairly unsuccessful, it still produces a benefit-to-cost ratio estimated that a successful biocontrol program returns invested in developing and implementing the program. While both chemical and biological control of pests can be used in different ways to fight pests, biological control is recognized as being more effective against pests long term as this method is friendlier to the environment and generally more profitable than chemical pesticides.

Biopesticides, a contraction of ‘biological pesticides‘, include several types of pest management intervention: through predatory, parasitic, or chemical relationships.

  • in the EU, biopesticides have been defined as “a form of pesticide based on micro-organisms or natural products”.
  • the US EPA states that they “include naturally occurring substances that control pests (biochemical pesticides), microorganisms that control pests (microbial pesticides), and pesticidal substances produced by plants containing added genetic material (plant-incorporated protectants) or PIPs”.

Bio-Pesticide is the world first approved bio-pesticide is now available from the Rare Fruit Council.  It’s plant-based formula is the result of the new science of nano technology that does NOT attack the nervous systems of insects, humans and animals. Instead, it penetrates the insect and dissolves the protective coating (“chitin”) of negative insect cells. Soft bodied insects including whiteflies, mealy bugs and aphids have no defense.

  1. It easily penetrates most soft bodied targets such as aphids, whiteflies, mealy bugs, nematodes, powdery mildew, and spores by dissolving their protective cellular chitin, resulting in death. Insects can offer no resistance.
  2. Itincapacitates flying insects like whiteflies, mosquitoes, wasps, etc. by penetrating and dissolving the waxy coating of the insects’ wings. It also dries and paralyzes the exoskeleton wing connection to the body.

3.Suffocation. The tiny particles enter via the insect’s spiracles and dissolve the protective chitin of the tracheae. The insect dies of oxygen starvation.

4.For sucking insects such as leaf hoppers, scale, spider mites, stink bugs and thrips, it dissolves the insect’s digestive system. It can be applied foliar or systemically by soaking the plant roots. The plant absorbs and transmits the Bio-pesticide to the leaves where it is ingested by the insect. When ingested, it dissolves the cellular structure of the bug’s digestive system.

  1. For insects such as fleas, grasshoppers and hard-shelled beetles, it penetrates and dries the lubrication of their exoskeleton joints. The crippled insect dies of starvation.

It is most common for death to occur within minutes of application in the majority of insects, however with some of the hardier bugs, it may take several days.  As buried eggs may survive, repeat applications should be applied based on the reproductive cycle of the pest. Generally, three applications significantly reduce pest populations until some more arrive from neighboring farms.

This new broad-spectrum insecticide, fungicide, and miticide is proving highly effective against insects to a multitude of crop destroying insects, fungi, spores and nematodes, yet safer for honey bees and beneficial insects. It is also worker-friendly and safe for your family, livestock and pets. 

Bio-Pesticide is U.S. EPA exempt, low risk, unrestricted Bio-Pesticide approved for Florida, Alaska, California, Massachusetts, New York, Minnesota and Tennessee growers and for the home gardener. Other States have been applied for and are awaiting their approval.                                                                                         

Farmers and home gardeners can now produce healthier, insect and toxic free crops at affordable costs significantly to chemical-based pesticides. And, as it is harmless to human & animal cells, this advanced innovative development in environmental science is now the preferred alternative to replace harmful toxic pesticides. Being also certified carcinogen-free, it exposes neither people nor animals to cancer-causing chemicals, nor add carcinogens into our air, water, or food supply.

Letter to the editor:

Dear Sir: 

Please ID this problemNeil Signorelli

Response received

a) It looks like Anthracnose that got in where some scale or mealy bug were attacking the fruit. Steven Brady

b)Is it single spot or is all over the plant?  My guess is mechanical damage followed by decay. Chris Rollins

c) Not sure, See it here occasionally, probably Anthracnose, but not sure which fungus it is, probably responds to Topsin. Reg Burgess

The incredible Guava

Most of us who grew up in the tropics know a guava is perfectly ripe when you can smell it without even putting it to your nose.  The taste to some of us has been described as ‘part strawberry and part pear’.  Its juice is frequently referred to as ‘the nectar of the gods. Guava is also rated as a super food, a powerhouse of nutrients and a good source of energy. One low-calorie cup of this vitamin rich fruit contains a whopping 8 grams of fiber scored second to blueberries and right behind kale.

The word guava appears to derive from the Arawak guayabo tree has since naturalized throughout the tropics and subtropics in Africa, Southeast Asia, the Caribbean, Florida and other countries. This seasonal fruit, scientifically known as Psidium guajava, has a round or pear-shaped yellow skin when ripe with a white or maroon flesh, depending on its type, and has small hard seeds enveloped in its soft, sweet pulp. The common types of guava include apple guava, yellow-fruited cherry guava, strawberry guava, and red apple guava. They are mostly eaten raw (ripe or semi-ripe) or consumed in the form of juice, jams, and jellies.

In Costa Rica, Guatemala, Nicaragua and other Central American countries, thereis another specie of guava known as Cas (Psidium friedrichsthalianum)is another popular backyard fruit tree. The flesh is almost exclusively used to make a delicious drink as the flesh is usually very acidic. It is also used to makejams, jellies, and preserves.

As guavas are frequently attacked by the Caribbean fruit fly, home gardeners welcome the insect resistant guava cv. Bogor with open arms from Indonesia is available from the Rare Fruit Council at plant their plant sales booth at Fairchild Tropical Garden.

In Southeast Asia, a larger white variety with a crispy texture is a popular as an ‘on-the-go’ snack fruit. Seedless varieties are also popular in Indonesia and Thailand but are not yet available in Florida.

Other potential health benefits of guava include its ability to help in regulating blood pressure, strengthen the immune system and digestive system. Due to the unique and high concentrations of minerals and vitamins, guava is also known to increase energy and to relax the nerves.

In Haiti, guava leaves are brewed to make a tea for diarrhea. Because guava has a low glycemic index, guava is consumed in some countries to regulate the absorption of sugar by the body for prevention and possible cure of Type 2 diabetes.

 

Mexican scientists develop hybrid chayote fruit to battle cancer

Researchers from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) developed a hybrid chayote fruit from two wild Mexican species, which could be used to battle cancer.

Lead scientist Edelmiro Santiago Osorio said that the raw extract of this fruit is as effective as Cytarabine, a medication used to treat some types of cancer, Efe quoted a statement released on Wednesday as saying.

The researcher said that Cytarabine works by interfering in the synthesis of DNA, limiting the growth of malignant cells.

According to Santiago Osorio, the raw extract of the hybrid created in his laboratory is 1,000 times as strong as that of regular chayote fruits, which is why he is seeking to launch a business that would put the active substance of this super-chayote on the market.

“One would have to eat many kilos of regular chayote to have the same effect as the hybrid. In any case, it is very healthy to eat this Cucurbitaceae. In fact, many hospitals have included chayote fruits on their menus,” he said.

This line of research, according to the statement, was conceived in 2005 as part of efforts by agronomists to discover the possible medicinal benefits of chayote fruits.

According to figures from the World Health Organization, cancer is the second cause of death in the world, killing nearly 9 million people a year.

In Mexico, where cancer is the third cause of death, 195,925 new cases were reported in 2013, killing 84,172 people in that same year.

Answer to Photo ID.   Tampoi  (Baccaurea macrocarpa)